This resource was adapted from AACN's Statement on Ethics in Critical Care Research, 1984. Thanks to Jacqueline Byers, RN, PhD and Therese Richmond, RN, PhD, FAAN for their work in adapting and updating this resource. This resource addresses some of the commonly asked questions regarding ethical issues in critical care research.
1. What Is the Difference between Research and Practice?
Although practice and research often occur
together and influence one another, differences exist in the purpose and focus
of these two activities. In 1979, the National Commission for the Protection of
Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research (also called the Belmont
Commission) defined ethical principles for the protection of human subjects of
research. This commission distinguished between practice and research as
Practice consists of interventions designed solely to enhance the well being of an individual, and that has a reasonable expectation of success. The purpose of practice is to provide diagnosis, preventive treatment, or therapy to particular patient
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